Introduction to Learning (Aurally) a Perfect Fourth

Introduction to learning (aurally) the interval of the perfect fourth

Norman Stull
[email protected]
Perkiomen School

Files for Use with this Lesson

Finale File: StullExcerize1.mus

TI:ME Technology Areas Addressed:

Electronic Musical Instruments


High School


Music Theory


Computer, Keyboard or piano (or band instrument) Finale NotePad


45 Minutes

Prior Knowledge and Skills:

Knowledge of all the major scales and how to build them, and have an intermediate knowledge of an instrument
Knowledge of solfege

NAfME Standards of 1994 Addressed:

NAfME Standards of 1994: Singing, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music.
NAfME Standards of 1994: Performing on instruments, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music.

NAfME 2014: Performing

NAfME Standards of 1994: Reading and notating music.

NAfME 2014: Creating

NAfME Standards of 1994: Listening to, analyzing and describing music.

NAfME 2014: Responding


Keyboard or Piano, Computer, Student instrument, music stands


Students will be able to perform (on an instrument) and / or sing the interval of a perfect fourth up melodically.


Play the interval Perfect fourth on the piano

Sing the interval to the class, then have the class echo

Divide up the class in two parts. Play the D (on the piano) and have half the class sing it(holding the pitch) then have the other half sing the higher note

Play examples of the perfect fourth ascending

A: Elsa’s Procession (Here comes the bride)

B: Mexican Hat Dance

C:Grenadier’s March

D: We Three Kings (this uses P4th down and up, a preview of a future lesson)

E: Star Wars

Divide up the class into pairs: Have one student give a pitch and the other student sing or play the P4th above.


Having the student play a pitch and the other student sing or play the P4th above gives us immediate feedback on the student progress.

Follow Up:

Divide the class into teams. Play a music selections have the students say where the first interval is a Perfect Fourth or not.

Items to Purchase:

Keyboard, Finale NotePad

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