Listening to, Singing, and Writing Basic Intervals

Listening to, singing, and writing basic intervals

A lesson plan by Lori L. Cole, Moon Area High School, PA

TI:ME Technology Areas Addressed:



Grades 9-12


Sibelius 2


40 Minutes

Prior Knowledge and Skills:

Students participating in Mixed Chorale have varied musical backrounds. Some have had either piano or other instrumental experience while some students may be taking a music class for the very first time. I try to begin with very basic information and have actually found that, many times, band students have not been taught certain basic components of music.

MENC Standards Addressed:

MENC 1: Singing, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music.
MENC 2: Performing on instruments, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music.
MENC 5: Reading and notating music.
MENC 6: Listening to, analyzing and describing music.


Supplemental theory materials from various sources
Overhead projector/transparency film
Dry-erase marker boards


Through listening, singing and writing, the SWBAT identify the following intervals: Unison, M2, M3. P5 and Octaves.


Students wil begin the lesson, as they begin each lesson, by participating in breath management exercises. (3 minutes)

Students will proceed to sing familiar and new solfeggio vocalizes and those which reinforce the following intervals: Unison, M2, M3, P5 and Octaves. Instructor will introduce the concept of intervals, how they relate to music and their ability to learn pieces by recognizing intervals in their scores. Instructor will discuss the number of whole and half steps involved in these intervals as well as how they "appear" in a grand staff. After modeling by the teacher, students will sing examples of each interval in different major keys (C, G, F, D and Bb). (15 minutes)

Using the technology and hardware listed above, students will practice identifying and writing intervals listed above.

With a partner, students will practice naming and writing the intervals listed usisng dry erase marker boards. (15 minutes)


Students will complete a worksheet which reinforces the intervals being studied. Learning to sing, to hear and to write intervals is an ongoing, year long process.

Follow Up:

Once students show enough evidence of comprehending Unison, M2, M3, P5 and Octaves, other intervals will be introduced.
Further drill with these as well as new intervals will be necessary.

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